Diet and exercise will be the first attempt of a doctor to get your weight down for cases that might include obesity health risks, etc. Sometimes if a patient is extremely obese, and cannot lose weight with exercise and diet, or are having exceptionally urgent health issues, the weight loss surgery can be a final option for your body’s ideal size and health. This is a quicker way to get the weight off.
Four Common Types of Weight Loss Surgeries are:
- Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: This surgery is when the doctor creates a pouch near the top of the stomach. Whenever you take in food, it can only fill up into the pouch before it becomes uncomfortable, and you will stop eating or drinking as much. Much of your stomach is cut off from the food supply. The intestines will be reattached to the pouch. A portion of your small intestine will be bypassed leading to less food and calorie absorption as well. The stomach will still continue to function making digestive juices, etc.
- Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding: This creates as a pouch with a balloon similar to the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass described in number one. There is a small opening to the rest of the stomach. A port is placed to adjust the size of the band. You feel fuller faster; however, reduced absorption of calories is not present with this method.
- Sleeve Gastrectomy: A portion of the stomach is cut out and removed from the patient’s body leaving a smaller stomach. The smaller stomach will make one feel fuller faster and limit the amount of food intake. Reduced absorption of nutrients and calories is not present in this method.
- Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch: Portions of the stomach, small intestive, pancreas, and large intestine are divided and attached in various locations to create a mix of two segments’ contents to dump into the large intestine. This will make your stomach smaller and decrease absorption of nutrients and calories by the small intestine.
Weight loss surgeries will either fall into the Restriction or Malabsorption surgical category.
- Restriction reduces the sizes of the stomach. When there is a smaller pouch to fill up, one naturally eats less. If your stomach is smaller, you cannot consume the same amount that you used to leading to a decrease in weight.
- Malabsorption refers to when there is less uptake or absorption of the calories and nutrients. If you are taking in less food or even the same amount, when your intestines absorb less, you will naturally eliminate what your body refuses to absorb. This leads to less weight gain.
There are occasional risks associated with surgeries. Also, pain and recovery might follow the surgery. Continue seeking medical care from your physician as far as check-ups and following diet or exercise plans to stay healthy and risk-free.